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Best Tips For Growing Cestrum nocturnum ( Night Blooming Jasmine / Raat Ki Rani)

May 05, 2013
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Cestrum , Night Blooming Jasmine, Raat Rani

Night –blooming jasmine,  Cestrum nocturnum, is a perennial shrub primarily grown for the intense, intoxicating and heavenly smell of its small, tubular white bloom. The fragrance is so powerful that it can be smelled from a long distance. Night blooming jasmine blooms only when weather is warm. It dies to ground if exposed to frost but shows new growth in the spring. Its stem is vine like and grows upto 13 feet tall so timely pruning is required. The plant is native to West Indies and tropical America. It can be easily grown in a pot or container.

 

Propagation:

Night –blooming jasmine can be purchased in large containers from home and garden centers or is easily started from rooted stem cuttings. Take cutting from existing Night Blooming jasmine early in the morning. Cut 4-5 inches of semi hardwood, current or past season’s growth on upper part of the plant. Avoid taking cuttings which have buds or flowers on it. Clip leaves from cuttings leaving only 1 or 2 sets leaves on it. Put cuttings in rooting media or just put in the water or soil until roots come out the cuttings. Cover the container with cuttings with plastic bag and keep in the place which receives indirect sun light. Water enough to keep the soil moist. Once cuttings are rooted, transplant them in bigger pot or container. Know best months to start different flower plants in India.

 

Pot/Container:

Choose a medium to large sized ( 20 -30 gallon) pot with adequate drainage. A 30 gallon clay or ceramic pot is ideal for this spreading shrub. You can choose plastic container too. Transplant in bigger container/ pot as plant matures. Place the container beneath window or at patio so that you can enjoy sweet fragrance. Grow bags can be used too as an alternate to pots. Check out UV protected HDPE grow bags here.

 

Read Also : Tips for growing Mogra plant at home.

 

Soil

Use sandy or red garden soil to grow Night Blooming jasmine. Make sure soil is well drained and aerated. Tamp down the soil to eliminate air pockets around the roots.

 

Sun /Temperature

Though Night Blooming jasmine blooms in night, it requires at least 6 hrs of sun light or light partial shade each day to bloom and good growth. Avoid excessive sun exposure too as it cause leaves to wilt.

 

Watering

Keep the soil moist. Water only when the soil has become dry. Do not over water as it can cause root to rot and mold to grow. Increase frequency of watering during summer months.

 

Fertilizer

C. nocturnum can be fertilized biweekly with a weak dilution of seaweed and fish emulsion. Or use normal purpose compost / fertilizer.

 

Mealy bug visible on Cestrum leafPrunning

Prune night-blooming jasmine’s vine-like stems as  needed to control the size and shape of the plant. Prune out the dead branches and bloomed flowers regularly. If you prefer bushy plant then pinch off the tips of stem using your thumb and forefinger. This cause plant to branch out and encourage new growth.

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Pest

Mealy bugs colony at underside of Cestrum leafKeep an eye on Mealy bugs infestation, as Cestrum is prone to their attack. Mostly Mealy bug lay their eggs and hide at underside of leaves and forms a white cotton ball like structure. Wash plant with detergent mixed water until they are removed completely or use insecticide for quick results.

 

 
Growth on Raat Rani plant in rainy season : 
 

 

Cestrum nocturnum / Raat Rani

Cestrum nocturnum / Raat Rani

 

Cestrum showing new foliage

Cestrum Nocturnum / Raat Rani after monsoon

Read Also :  Growing Tips For Spanish Jasmine (Chameli) Plant.

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10 Responses

  1. Very elaborate and nicely written! I too have a 6ft tall night blooming jasmine and I love its occasional sweet smell on my balcony. However, I would like to add a couple of points.
    1)If you want your night blooming jasmine to grow tall and not look messy, tie it up or support it in order to keep its branches straight and upright, else the plant might start spreading out as it grows over the season. This also helps the plant to develop shoots much quicker besides enhancing its aesthetic appeal.
    2)Pruning is generally recommended between the months of June and September so that the plant is ready for a full bloom from October onward. If you have to have it pruned in any other season, ensure you are not cutting off more than 1/3rd of the volume. If you do, the plant might cease to grow until next season.
    3)Do not add fertilizers or manure during winters.
    4) Also a word of caution, since all parts of the plant are poisonous when ingested, do keep it away from kids and pets.
    Nice work!

    Reply
    • Hi Liz, you may be over watering your Night Blooming jasmine.Before watering, check your soil. If top 1 inch of your soil feel moist then you should wait otherwise water it. Hope, it solves your problem.

      Reply
  2. Hi,
    This is nice info.

    I have problem with my plant, it recently started showing flower buds. But along with that i have observed that it also has some black kind of thing on its stems across leaves. I am sure its not insect(as it is not moving). I am new to gardening, could you please help me to understand it, and fix it if it is harzardous to my plant. Thank you!

    Reply
  3. your site is very informative. I am happy i found this site. I am going to grow some vegs and i will inform you of the results. today i have learnt quite a few tips from your information.thanks.

    Reply
  4. Hey,

    Good information, I have a query .. usually how long will it take to flower .. I’ve brought a plan a month back and it was having a green colour bud when I brought and it is still in same size and colour .. I am worried if it will show flower or not .. is there be any male Night Blooming jasmine plants that will never flower?

    Reply
    • Thank you sai for writing to us. Raat Rani usually likes 5-6 hrs direct sunlight. So if your plant is in shaded location then move it to more sunny location also keep the soil moist always don’t let it dry. During summer- April-June , it should bloom. If its not the case write back to us at [email protected].

      Reply

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