Growing Marigolds (Genda Phool ) in Containers / Pots
Marigolds are easy to grow and they are available in a variety of colors, including white, yellow, orange, red and mixed colors. Marigold Flowers will bloom from mid-summer all the way until winter. Marigolds also come in a wide range of sizes from miniatures smaller than a foot to giant varieties that can grow up to four feet tall! You can select the color and size that is perfect for your flower garden. And don’t overlook Marigolds in container gardens as the smaller varieties do well in containers. Plant these flowering container plants next to your tomato, eggplant, chili pepper and potato plants, as marigolds deter some pest insects that can harm these plants.
One can use seeds or bedding plants to grow marigold. If you want to use seeds then simply just take the dead flower heads off the plant and throw them in another plant container. (Note : Marigold hybrid do not produce seeds.) Press small flowers ( separated from flower head ) few inches down in to the soil so that roots can grow deeper not on surface. But remember that pinching off dying flowers before they produce seed (called “deadheading”) promotes more plant growth.
Or if you willing to go by bedding plant approach then purchase marigold bedding plants at a greenhouse or garden center. Marigolds are available in a variety of sizes and colors, and all are appropriate for container growing. Remove each marigold from the nursery container. Dig a small hole with a trowel, then place the marigold in the hole at the same depth it was planted in the nursery container. Pat potting soil gently around the roots. Marigolds can be planted much closer in containers than in the ground. Allow about 3 inches between small varieties and up to 5 inches for giant marigolds. Locate your marigolds where the plants will be in sunlight for at least six to eight hours per day.
Fill a container up to within an inch from the top with any good quality commercial potting soil. Any sturdy container/pot with a drainage hole in the bottom will work well, as marigolds quickly rot in wet soil.
Use any kind of well drained soil. If it lacks nutrients then enrich it with dried leaves, cow dung, vermi culture etc.
Water the marigolds immediately after planting and keep the soil moist until you see new growth. Thereafter, marigolds are drought-tolerant plants that won’t do well in soggy soil, but benefit from an occasional watering during hot summer weather. Water the plants deeply, allowing water to run freely through the drainage hole, then water again when the soil feels fairly dry.
Fertilizer is important for container-grown marigolds, as the plants are unable to draw nutrients from the ground. Feed marigolds every week, using a water-soluble fertilizer mixed according to the directions on the package. If the package directions suggest a monthly feeding, dilute the solution by one quarter, which will be appropriate for weekly feedings. Alternatively, use a timed-release fertilizer applied according to the package recommendations.
Deadhead, or pinch off spent blooms regularly. Pinch off the blooms with your fingernails or garden shears as soon as they wilt, and don’t wait until the flowers become completely dead. Blooms allowed to remain on the plant will cause the plant to go to seed and blooming will be decreased. Deadheading will encourage your marigolds to bloom profusely until autumn.
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